Israel is a small and diverse Middle Eastern country. It has a long coastline on the eastern Mediterranean Sea and a small window on the Red Sea at the Gulf of Eilat (Aqaba). Egypt and the Gaza Strip border Israel to the southwest, Jordan towards the east, and Lebanon and Syria to the north. The borders located between the Jordan River and the Dead Sea with the West Bank and Jordan.
Spring: One of the more beautiful times to visit Israel, as the country will be full of blooms from the winter rains. Hiking, especially in the north, is encouraged. Humidity can reach uncomfortable levels in the Tel-Aviv area in the day time.
Summer: Temperatures in the summer can reach uncomfortable levels. Activities such as hiking, especially at Masada, should be done early in the morning to avoid heatstroke and dehydration. That being said, the country provides incredible beach weather in the Tel-Aviv area, as rain is infrequent. In the north, the climate will be hot and humid.
Autumn: While the landscape will need water, autumn provides similar temperatures to spring. The rainy season will start around early October and will continue through the season.
Winter: Rain will be moderate in the winter, and there can even be snow at higher altitudes, especially in the north. Temperatures will vary widely, especially in the south. Day temperatures could provide enough warmth to take a visit to the beach, while night temperatures may necessitate a heavy jacket. As the winter is not uniform, bouts of rainy, cold days can usually be followed by successive days of comfortable sunshine, often allowing summer clothes to be worn. Bring clothing for any weather and any temperature.
Israel has one official language, Hebrew. Arabic had been an official language of the State of Israel; in 2018, it was downgraded to having a ‘special status in the state’ with its use by state institutions to be set in law. Hebrew is the primary language of the state and is spoken every day by the majority of the population. Arabic is expressed by the Arab minority, with Hebrew taught in Arab schools.
The best time to go to Israel and Jordan is in the spring (March through May) when temperatures are comfortable, and the weather is dry. Summer can be scorching, and winters can be surprisingly cold. The fall has cooler temperatures but a higher chance of rain, especially in Jordan.