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Kerala is a state in the southwestern part of India. It was formed on 1 November 1956 by combining Malayalam-speaking regions of the former areas of Cochin, Malabar, South Canara and Travancore. Karnataka surrounds it to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the east and south, and the Lakshadweep Sea to the west.
With around 120–140 rainy days per year, Kerala has a wet and tropical sea climate affected by the heavy seasonal rains. The major portion of the rainfall occurs from June to August and the rest from September to December.
KSRTC is a state-owned road transport corporation. It is one of the country’s oldest state-run public bus transport services.
Kerala’s major railway stations are:
- Thiruvananthapuram Central (TVC)
- Ernakulam Junction (South) (ERS)
- Kozhikode (CLT)
- Kollam Junction (QLN)
- Thrissur (TCR)
- Palakkad Junction (PGT)
- Kannur (CAN)
- Shoranur Junction (SRR)
- Ernakulam Town (North) (ERN)
- Kottayam (KTYM)
- Chengannur (CNGR)
- Alappuzha (ALLP)
- Kochuveli (KCVL)
- Kayamkulam Junction (KYJ)
- Tirur (TIR)
- Kasaragod (KGQ)
- Aluva (AWY)
- Thalassery (TLY)
Kochi Metro is the metro rail system in the city of Kochi. It is the only metro rail system in Kerala.
Kerala has four international airports:
- Trivandrum International Airport
- Cochin International Airport
- Calicut International Airport
- Kannur International Airport
Malayalam is the most widely spoken language in Kerala, where teaching in schools is mandatory. There is a significant Tamil population in the Idukki district. Tulu and Kannada are spoken mainly in the Kasaragod district.
Hinduism is the most widely professed faith in Kerala, with significant Muslim and Christian minorities.