Rajasthan, State of the northwest of India, located in the northwest part of the Indian subcontinent. It is covered to the north and north-east by the states of Punjab and Haryana, to the east and south-east by Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh’s state south-west by the State of Gujarat, and the west and north-west by the provinces of Sindh and Punjab in Pakistan. The capital is Jaipur, in the east-central part of the State.
Rajasthan has a vast range of climate that varies from highly arid to humid. The humid zone spans the southeast and east. Rather than in the hills, the heat during the summer is extreme everywhere, with temperatures in June the warmest month, typically rising from the mid-80s F (about 30 °C) to nearly 110 °F (low 40s C) daily. Hot breeze and dust storms occur in the summer, especially in the desert tract. In January—the coolest of the winter months—daily maximum temperatures range from the upper 60s to the mid-70s F (low to mid-20s C), while minimum temperatures are generally in the mid-40s F (about seven ° C). The western desert has little rain, averaging about 4 inches (100 mm) yearly. In the southeast, however, some places may receive almost 20 inches (500 mm). South-eastern Rajasthan benefits from both the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal branches of the south-west (summer) monsoon winds, which bring the bulk of the
Roads: The total length of the road was 1,88,534 km as of March 2011.
Railways: Jodhpur, Jaipur, Bikaner, Sawai Madhopur, Kota, and Bharatpur and Udaipur are the main Railway junctions of the State.
Aviation: All major cities are connected with Jaipur airport under domestic air services in which Delhi, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bengaluru, Pune and Guwahati are vital domestic air services. International flights are also available for Dubai, Mascutt and Sharjah from Jaipur airport.
Ranthambore National Park